In middle school and high school I had an amazing science teacher. She is one of a few teachers who have had a lifelong impact on my life and the way I teach my children. (The others being my high school drama teacher, a math teacher, an English teacher, and my dance teacher.) This science teacher led a summer class in which she took us to the Wichita Mountains several times during the week. We hiked, we camped, we cooked out, we learned about the plants and wildlife, and had a blast! The skills that I took away from her summer class (and the orienteering course she taught us as a part of 8th grade science) were the ability to read maps of all kinds, and the use of a compass!
I want my kids to have these skills. Instead of teaching at home, I put together a ten-week course for the 7-9 year olds at our co-op. The following is an outline of the course as I taught it. For six weeks we put together a lapbook to help the kids remember what they had learned. Click the links to see the pieces.
Week 1: Types of Maps
Supplies: Box of maps, globe, history or economics book (for informational maps), scissors, tape/glue, folders, lapbook pieces.
Plan: Look at different maps. What are they for? How are they used? When would you use them? Look at the globe, find the North and South Poles and the Equator, and point out lines of latitude and longitude. Learn to use map coordinates. Look at an atlas. Find cities on a map. Give directions from a map. Make lapbook pieces.
Lapbook Pieces: Cover and Types of Maps
Week 2: Using Keys and Legends
Supplies: Box of maps, globe, history book (for informational maps), scissors, tape/glue, folders, lapbook pieces.
Plan: What does a legend tell you? Identify points of interest from the legend. Learn how to use a map scale.
Week 3: Compass
Supplies: Cork, magnet, paperclips, pans for water, red sharpie, real compass(es), maps, lap books and pieces.
Plan: What is a compass? Find compass points on map. Use a compass to find north. Make a compass.
Lapbook Pieces: Compass, Pocket, and Activity Sheet
Week 4: Early Navigation and Explorers
Supplies: Books on Marco Polo, Magellan, Balboa, Livingston; lap books and pieces; straws, plastic cups, thumb tacks, pencils, construction paper
Plan: Study early navigation tools (land and sea), hints in nature ( sun, stars, etc.), famous explorers.
Lapbook Pieces: Constellations, Early Navigation, and Famous Explorers
Week 5: Latitude and Longitude
Supplies: Globe, lapbook pieces and books, protractors, straws, string, paperclips
Plan: What are latitude and longitude? Find important lines on a map and a globe. Make an astrolabe.
Lapbook Pieces: Astrolabe, Lat and Long, World Map
Week 6: Sundials
Supplies: stick, paper, pencils
Plan: How can a sundial help navigators? Make a sundial outside and check it at least twice.
Lapbook Pieces: Sundial, Finding North
Week 7: What is Scale?
Supplies: yard stick, ruler, measuring tape, graph paper
Plan: Measure student paces (steps). Pace off the length of the room. Calculate actual size based on steps. Use a yard stick, ruler, or measuring tape to measure and map the entire room to scale.
Activity: Map the room and all furniture in it.
Week 8: Map the Building
Supplies: measuring tape, graph paper
Plan: Break into groups and measure the interior of the building, work together to create a full map of the building.
Activity: Create a map of the building to use for treasure hunts later. (We were doing this section of the class in November. Had it been spring and warm, we would have mapped the outside of the building for the treasure hunt.)
Week 9: Following Maps
Supplies: coffee, white paper, bowls, cookie sheets, hair dryers
Plan: Talk about using the compass and landmarks to orient yourself with a map and make pirate maps.
Activity: Make a Pirate Map! Tear the edges of the paper and crumple it up to look old. Soak the paper in coffee. Carefully remove paper and lay it flat on the cookie sheet. Use the hair dryers to dry the paper more quickly. Draw a pirate map. Include all elements of a good map – legend/key, compass points, and scale. (With younger students, you can soak and dry the paper before class, then let them draw their maps.)
Week 10: Treasure Hunt
Supplies: 2 maps, 2 treasure chests, 2 sets of clues
Plan: Follow the map, collect the clues, and find the treasure!
I over planned a little bit for our group. Cutting and pasting did not go as quickly as I had planned, and the couple of things that needed to be handwritten really slowed us down. We ended up cutting out some of the explorers section to make up for time. Once I finished making the lapbook, this class was easy to teach! Most of what we did came from my memory of what I learned in middle school and my hands on experience with maps in high school at various summer camps. Here are a couple of books that would be helpful for someone not as experienced with maps and navigation:
Tools of Navigation by Rachel Dickinson- This is a great introduction for kids. I found some fun activities in it. It also prompted me to add a day of history into our study (the day on Navigators). I just wish we had had more time that day!
Be Expert with Map and Compass by Bjorn Kjellstrom – This looks like another good resource for brushing up on some skills. I do not have this book, but it was on my short list as I was making purchases.
Orienteering Made Simple And Instructional Handbook by Nancy Kelly – I picked this up to help brush up on my orienteering skills. I did not do as much orienteering as I had originally wanted, but we did the basics. This gave me a good reminder of what all orienteering entailed.
Teaching Orienteering, Second Edition by Carol McNeill – This helped me decide what skills would be best to teach the group I had. The book breaks the skills up into age levels.
With the availability of GPS navigators in cars and on phones, kids don’t see the need to learn to read an actual map. I do believe it is still a valuable skill. I hope this plan makes it a less daunting task for some who have not had the training I was given.
Cheryl–Cheryl is a singing, dancing, baking, homeschooling mom of three. She has danced her whole life and taught ballet and theatre for most of her adult life. Her favorite pastime has always been cooking and baking, and as a Pampered Chef Independent Consultant she gets to share that love with others. Home educating her three children has been and continues to be one of her greatest learning experiences! It is an adventure she is ready to continue.