You asked: What causes a child to have special needs?

These factors include genetics; parental health and behaviors (such as smoking and drinking) during pregnancy; complications during birth; infections the mother might have during pregnancy or the baby might have very early in life; and exposure of the mother or child to high levels of environmental toxins, such as lead …

What are the chances of having a special needs child?

Chromosomal anomalies that cause disability in babies

Most babies are born healthy and without disability. In about 1 in 25 pregnancies, an unborn baby has a chromosomal anomaly or other condition that leads to disability. These conditions and disabilities vary a lot, from mild to severe.

What are the signs of a special needs child?

Common signs that a person may have learning disabilities include the following:

  • Problems reading and/or writing.
  • Problems with math.
  • Poor memory.
  • Problems paying attention.
  • Trouble following directions.
  • Clumsiness.
  • Trouble telling time.
  • Problems staying organized.


How are disabilities caused?

Injuries due to road traffic accidents, occupational injury, violence, conflicts, falls and landmines have long been recognized as contributors to disability. Mental health problems– mental health retardation and mental illness are the causes of mental disability.

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What conditions are considered special needs?

Special needs can range from people with autism, Asperger syndrome, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, dyslexia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia, dysgraphia, blindness, deafness, ADHD, and cystic fibrosis.

What are the top 5 learning disabilities?

In particular, psychology professionals should study these seven learning disabilities:

  1. Dyslexia. …
  2. Dysgraphia. …
  3. Dyscalculia. …
  4. Auditory processing disorder. …
  5. Language processing disorder. …
  6. Nonverbal learning disabilities. …
  7. Visual perceptual/visual motor deficit.

What causes a child to be born with disability?

Birth defects are structural or functional abnormalities present at birth that cause physical or mental disability. They are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life. Birth defects may be caused by genetic problems, problems with chromosomes, or environmental factors.

What are the 3 main symptoms of autism?

Patterns of Behavior

  • Repetitive behaviors like hand-flapping, rocking, jumping, or twirling.
  • Constant moving (pacing) and “hyper” behavior.
  • Fixations on certain activities or objects.
  • Specific routines or rituals (and getting upset when a routine is changed, even slightly)
  • Extreme sensitivity to touch, light, and sound.


How do you treat special children?

8 Important Tips For Working With A Special Needs Child

  1. Interact. The biggest mistake that adults make when they meet someone like Louie is failing to interact with him. …
  2. Observe. …
  3. Use Common Sense. …
  4. Be Flexible. …
  5. Be Consistent. …
  6. Use visual, auditory or tactile cues. …
  7. Have a plan. …
  8. Be Positive.


What are the 5 developmental disabilities?

Examples of developmental disabilities include autism, behavior disorders, brain injury, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, intellectual disability, and spina bifida. For more information, see the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000.

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What is the number 1 cause of disability?

Arthritis. Arthritis—or join inflammation—is the most common cause of disability among adults residing in the United States.

What diseases are considered a disability?

The Most Common Types of Disabilities

  • Musculoskeletal system and connective problems including: Arthritis. Back pain. …
  • Mental disorders including: Mood disorders. Schizophrenia. …
  • Cardiovascular conditions and circulatory disorders. Angina. Hypertension. …
  • Cancer.
  • Nervous system and sense organs conditions. Parkinson’s diseases.

Is it OK to say special needs?

Don’t use the terms “handicapped,” “differently-abled,” “cripple,” “crippled,” “victim,” “retarded,” “stricken,” “poor,” “unfortunate,” or “special needs.” … It is okay to use words or phrases such as “disabled,” “disability,” or “people with disabilities” when talking about disability issues.

What is the most common type of special needs?

Some of the most common special needs that young children are diagnosed with are: speech and/or language delays, Autism Spectrum Disorder, cognitive delays, social and emotional disorders, and learning differences/disabilities.

What are some examples of special needs?

Special needs is defined as an individual with a mental, emotional, or physical disability.

Other types of special needs include:

  • Autism.
  • ADHD.
  • Cerebral palsy.
  • Down syndrome.
  • Emotional disturbance.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Reading and learning disabilities.
  • Intellectual disabilities.


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