Babies of mothers who have gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life. Stillbirth. Untreated gestational diabetes can result in a baby’s death either before or shortly after birth.
What happens after birth with gestational diabetes?
For most women with gestational diabetes, the diabetes goes away soon after delivery. When it does not go away, the diabetes is called type 2 diabetes. Even if the diabetes does go away after the baby is born, half of all women who had gestational diabetes develop type 2 diabetes later.
Can a diabetic mom have a healthy baby?
If you are healthy and your diabetes is well controlled when you become pregnant, you have a good chance of having a normal pregnancy and birth. Diabetes that is not well controlled during pregnancy can affect your health long-term and can also be risky for your baby.
What happens to the fetus when the mother has poor blood sugar control?
The baby may grow slowly in the uterus due to poor circulation or other conditions, such as high blood pressure or damaged small blood vessels. The exact reason stillbirths happen with diabetes is not known. The risk of stillbirth goes up in women with poor blood glucose control and with blood vessel changes.
How does gestational diabetes affect the baby long-term?
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with long-term maternal and fetal adverse outcomes. Recent evidences suggest GDM increases long-term maternal cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, and cancer risks.
Can I deliver at 37 weeks with gestational diabetes?
An early term or term delivery (38–39 weeks + 6 days gestation) is suggested if vascular complications are present in women with pregestational diabetes. In practice, however, these gestational ages may be difficult to attain.
Can you get rid of gestational diabetes while pregnant?
Gestational diabetes also increases your risk of high blood pressure during pregnancy. In most cases, gestational diabetes disappears after your baby is born. However, for some people, high blood sugar may persist after pregnancy.
What birth defects are caused by diabetes?
Among the defects in children born to women with diabetes are heart problems, brain and spinal defects, oral clefts, kidney and gastrointestinal tract defects, and limb deficiencies.
What is normal blood sugar for a pregnant woman?
For the three-hour test: A normal fasting blood glucose level is lower than 95 mg/dL (5.3 mmol/L). One hour after drinking the glucose solution, a normal blood glucose level is lower than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L).
Why do diabetics have large babies?
Even when the mother has gestational diabetes, the fetus is able to produce all the insulin it needs. The combination of high blood glucose levels from the mother and high insulin levels in the fetus results in large deposits of fat which causes the fetus to grow excessively large.
Does gestational diabetes make baby more active?
We hypothesize that some offspring of women with GDM may be intrinsically more active in utero, and those that are active may be able to compensate for the hyperglycemia and thus minimize their risk of macrosomia.
What can I eat to lower my blood sugar while pregnant?
Plenty of whole fruits and vegetables. Moderate amounts of lean proteins and healthy fats. Moderate amounts of whole grains, such as bread, cereal, pasta, and rice, plus starchy vegetables, such as corn and peas. Fewer foods that have a lot of sugar, such as soft drinks, fruit juices, and pastries.
Will one high blood sugar hurt my baby?
High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can harm your baby during the first weeks of pregnancy, even before you know you are pregnant. If you have diabetes and are already pregnant, see your doctor as soon as possible to make a plan to manage your diabetes.
How common is stillbirth with gestational diabetes?
The overall risk of stillbirth from 36-42 weeks was higher in women with GDM when compared with women without diabetes (17.1 vs. 12.7 per 10,000 deliveries, RR 1.34 (95% CI 1.2 – 1.5).
What are the warning signs of gestational diabetes?
Warning Signs of Gestational Diabetes
- Sugar in the urine.
- Unusual thirst.
- Frequent urination.
- Blurred vision.
- Vaginal, bladder and skin infections.
Can you have a normal size baby with gestational diabetes?
Will I have a huge baby? Most women who have gestational diabetes go on to have a healthy baby. However, you’ll definitely be monitored more closely and you’ll have extra ultrasound scans to make sure your baby doing OK. But yes: GD can increase your chances of having a baby who weighs more than 4.5kg (10lbs).