Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a type of brain injury that occurs when a baby or a toddler is shaken violently. This causes swelling, bruising and bleeding in the brain. The child may be further injured if he or she is thrown down onto a surface, which is known as shaken impact syndrome.
What happens if you shake a baby too much?
Babies have weak neck muscles and often struggle to support their heavy heads. If a baby is forcefully shaken, his or her fragile brain moves back and forth inside the skull. This causes bruising, swelling and bleeding.
Can babies survive shaken baby syndrome?
One in four children who is shaken dies from their injuries. Of babies who survive, approximately 80 percent suffer from some sort of permanent damage.
Can bouncing a baby cause shaken baby syndrome?
Playful interaction with an infant, such as bouncing the baby on the lap or tossing the baby up in the air, won’t cause the injuries associated with shaken baby syndrome. Instead, these injuries often happen when someone shakes the baby out of frustration or anger. You should never shake a baby under any circumstances.
How long does it take for symptoms of shaken baby syndrome to appear?
Symptoms and Signs
Symptoms vary and are caused by generalized brain swelling secondary to trauma. They may appear immediately after the shaking and usually reach a peak within 4-6 hours.
Is it OK to shake baby to sleep?
When they are shaken, the brain slams back and forth inside the skull, resulting in bleeding around the brain and damage to the brain itself. Some babies may even stop breathing, which can cause further brain damage. The shaking can also cause bleeding into the back of the eyes.
What is the #1 reason a baby is shaken?
The number-one reason given for shaking a baby is, “I just wanted the crying to stop.” Shaking usually occurs when parents, babysitters or other caregivers become frustrated and lose control because of persistent crying.
What percentage of shaken baby syndrome victims die?
Shaking can cause brain injury, cerebral palsy, blindness, hearing loss, learning and behavior problems, seizures, paralysis, and death. It is estimated that 1,000-3,000 children in the United States suffer from SBS each year. One fourth of victims of SBS die, and 80 percent of survivors suffer from permanent damage.
Is Shaken Baby Syndrome preventable?
Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS) is a preventable, severe form of physical child abuse resulting from violently shaking an infant by the shoulders, arms, or legs. SBS may result from both shaking alone or from shaking with impact.
Who is most likely to shake a baby?
Canadian research has shown that the babies who are shaken are most often male and under six months of age. The research also identified biological fathers, stepfathers and male partners of biological mothers as more likely to shake an infant. Female babysitters and biological mothers are also known to shake babies.
How do SIDS babies die?
While the cause of SIDS is unknown, many clinicians and researchers believe that SIDS is associated with problems in the ability of the baby to arouse from sleep, to detect low levels of oxygen, or a buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood. When babies sleep face down, they may re-breathe exhaled carbon dioxide.
How do they test for shaken baby syndrome?
To confirm a diagnosis of shaken baby syndrome, a doctor will:
- Ask about the child’s medical history, including when changes in behavior began.
- Do a physical exam to look for signs of injury and increased blood pressure.
- Do imaging tests such as a CT scan or an MRI to look for bleeding or other injury in the brain.
What is purple crying?
The PURPLE Crying Program came about in an effort to help educate parents and caregivers about the typical periods of persistent crying that happen during the early weeks and months of a baby’s life. It provides education on the standard crying curve that babies experience and the dangers of shaking a baby.
What are 3 immediate consequences of shaking a baby?
When a baby is shaken hard by the shoulders, arms, or legs, it can cause learning disabilities, behavior disorders, vision problems or blindness, hearing and speech issues, seizures, cerebral palsy, serious brain injury, and permanent disability.
Can shaken baby syndrome be diagnosed years later?
Some symptoms show up right away, but others may not appear until later. Some children may have attention and behavior problems later in life from being shaken when they were infants. Babies and children who are shaken face serious medical problems as they grow older, including: Brain damage.
What are 3 long term consequences of shaking a baby?
Blindness or trouble seeing or hearing. Cerebral palsy, with muscle stiffness (spasticity) that results in awkward movements. Intellectual disabilities that can affect every area of a child’s life. For example, a child may have trouble learning to talk or may not be able to care for himself or herself in the future.