Microcephaly is a condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than expected. During pregnancy, a baby’s head grows because the baby’s brain grows. Microcephaly can occur because a baby’s brain has not developed properly during pregnancy or has stopped growing after birth, which results in a smaller head size.
When should I be concerned about my baby’s head size?
Macrocephaly means big head, and it is the name for a condition in which an infant or child has an abnormally large head size. For a doctor to diagnose macrocephaly, the measurement of the head around its widest part needs to be larger than the 98th percentile.
Should I be concerned if my baby’s head is small?
If your baby’s head is measuring small or is not growing: Your baby’s doctor may be concerned about failure to thrive (when a child doesn’t take in enough calories or is unable to utilize them and doesn’t grow properly as a result).
Does a small head always mean microcephaly?
Some children with microcephaly are both with normal intelligence and have normal developmental milestones, but their heads will always be smaller than normal children for their age and sex. Microcephaly in children is a rare and genetic condition.
Can babies have small heads normal?
Microcephaly is a condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than normal. It is most often present at birth (congenital). Most children with microcephaly also have a small brain and intellectual disability. Some children with small heads have normal intelligence.
What happens if head circumference is small?
Severe microcephaly is a more serious, extreme form of this condition where a baby’s head is much smaller than expected. Severe microcephaly can result because a baby’s brain has not developed properly during pregnancy, or the brain started to develop correctly and then was damaged at some point during pregnancy.
Does having a small head mean anything?
Microcephaly is a condition where the head (circumference) is smaller than normal. Microcephaly may be caused by genetic abnormalities or by drugs, alcohol, certain viruses, and toxins that are exposed to the fetus during pregnancy and damage the developing brain tissue.
What happens if a baby’s head circumference is small?
Chances are your doctor will detect microcephaly at the baby’s birth or at a regular well-baby checkup. However, if you think your baby’s head is smaller than normal or isn’t growing as it should, talk to your doctor.
Are small babies healthy?
Babies who are smaller, but otherwise appear normal, do not have any major health risks. The main concern is the fact that once they are born, their size can impair their ability to maintain their body heat, especially in the first few days after birth.
What is the life expectancy of someone with microcephaly?
There is no standard life expectancy for microcephalic babies because outcomes depend on so many factors, and the severity of the condition can range from mild to severe. Babies with mild microcephaly may still meet the same milestones like speaking, sitting and walking as a child without the disorder.
Can children with microcephaly talk?
Early intervention services for children with microcephaly
Some children with microcephaly won’t need any treatment other than routine appointments to measure head size. Other children might have serious speech and learning difficulties. Some might need medication for seizures.
When can microcephaly be detected?
Microcephaly is most easily diagnosed by ultrasound late in the second trimester or early in the third trimester of pregnancy.
Is small head circumference normal?
What complications are associated with microcephaly? Children diagnosed with this condition will have mild to severe complications. Children with mild complications may have normal intelligence. However, their head circumference will always be small for their age and sex.
What is abnormal head circumference?
Macrocephaly refers to an overly large head. It’s often a symptom of complications or conditions in the brain. There’s a standard used to define macrocephaly: The circumference of a person’s head is more than two standard deviations above average for their age. Or, their head is larger than the 98th percentile.
Can you tell if your baby has microcephaly?
There are no specific tests to determine if a baby will be born with microcephaly, but ultrasound scans in the third trimester of pregnancy can sometimes identify the problem. There is no specific treatment for microcephaly.
What is considered a small head size?
Hat Sizing Chart *
|Head Circumference||Adult Hat Size|
|21 1/4||54||Small (S)|