Microcephaly may be caused by problems with brain development or being exposed to alcohol and certain drugs, chemicals and infections in the womb. Zika virus infection during pregnancy causes microcephaly. If you’re pregnant and think you may have Zika, call your health care provider.
How does a baby get microcephaly?
During pregnancy, a baby’s head grows because the baby’s brain grows. Microcephaly can occur because a baby’s brain has not developed properly during pregnancy or has stopped growing after birth, which results in a smaller head size.
Can a baby with microcephaly be normal?
Microcephaly in children is a rare and genetic condition. Some children with microcephaly are both with normal intelligence and have normal developmental milestones, but their heads will always be smaller than normal children for their age and sex. Even in such cases, a regular follow-up with the doctor is advised.
How long do babies with microcephaly live?
Does a baby with microcephaly have a shorter life expectancy? There is no standard life expectancy for microcephalic babies because outcomes depend on so many factors, and the severity of the condition can range from mild to severe.
Can you outgrow microcephaly?
Microcephaly is a lifelong condition that has no cure. Treatment focuses on preventing or reducing problems and maximizing a child’s abilities. Children born with microcephaly need to see their healthcare team often. They will need tests to track the growth of the head.
At what age is microcephaly diagnosed?
Early diagnosis of microcephaly can sometimes be made by fetal ultrasound. Ultrasounds have the best diagnosis possibility if they are made at the end of the second trimester, around 28 weeks, or in the third trimester of pregnancy. Often diagnosis is made at birth or at a later stage.
Are small babies healthy?
Babies who are smaller, but otherwise appear normal, do not have any major health risks. The main concern is the fact that once they are born, their size can impair their ability to maintain their body heat, especially in the first few days after birth.
Do babies with microcephaly smile?
Marques said that head control, the ability to lift and support the head without help, in babies with microcephaly was “quite rare.” Having a social smile and eye contact is less rare, he said, depending on the type of visual damage and on whether they receive enough visual stimulation to strengthen their ability to …
Does Macrocephaly go away?
The treatment for macrocephaly will vary depending on the underlying cause. An infant with benign familial macrocephaly will not usually require any treatment. Infants whose macrocephaly stems from a genetic condition may require life-long treatment and support, including: occupational therapy.
Does microcephaly cause retardation?
Signs and symptoms of microcephaly may include a smaller than normal head circumference that usually remains smaller than normal as the child grows, dwarfism or short stature, delayed motor and speech functions, mental retardation, seizures, facial distortions, hyperactivity, balance and coordination problems, and …
How can I tell if my baby has microcephaly?
After birth, a baby with microcephaly may have these signs and symptoms:
- Small head size.
- Failure to thrive (slow weight gain and growth)
- High-pitched crying.
- Little appetite or problems with feeding.
- Muscle spasms.
Does microcephaly cause autism?
Microcephaly was significantly associated with the presence of medical disorders. Results support those from recent studies suggesting a raised rate of macrocephaly in autism which, pooling published data, can be estimated to be 20%.
Can kids with microcephaly talk?
Early intervention services for children with microcephaly
Some children with microcephaly won’t need any treatment other than routine appointments to measure head size. Other children might have serious speech and learning difficulties. Some might need medication for seizures.
Is microcephaly hereditary?
Microcephaly is an autosomal recessive gene disorder. Autosomal means that boys and girls are equally affected. Recessive means that two copies of the gene, one from each parent, are needed to have the condition. Some genetic disorders that cause microcephaly are X-linked.
What percentile is considered microcephaly?
Microcephaly is defined as a head circumference 2 standard deviations (SDs) below the mean for age and sex or roughly less than the 2nd percentile.
Has any baby survived anencephaly?
Anencephaly is one of the most lethal congenital defects. This case report is of an anencephalic infant who lived to 28 months of life and defies current literature. She is the longest surviving anencephalic infant who did not require life-sustaining interventions.