The condition of having abnormally stiff muscles that are difficult to move is called hypertonia. In infants, hypertonia can be caused by a multitude of health problems, but typically results from damage to the nervous system. Hypertonia is also a symptom of cerebral palsy, Erb’s palsy, and kernicterus (jaundice).
What does a stiff baby mean?
Medical Definition of Stiff baby syndrome
Stiff baby syndrome: A genetic disorder also known as hyperexplexia in which babies have an exaggerated startle reflex (reaction).
Is it normal for babies to stiffen?
If your child is healthy and has had no developmental problems so far, you likely have nothing to worry about. Children sometimes stiffen up when they’re having a bowel movement, especially if the stool is hard. Another theory is that your child is simply stiffening because he’s excited or frustrated.
What does it mean when a baby stiffens legs?
This rare type of seizure occurs during an infant’s first year (typically between 4 and 8 months). Your baby may bend forward or arch her back as her arms and legs stiffen. These spasms tend to occur when a child is waking up or going to sleep, or after a feeding.
Why are some babies more stiff than others?
If your child seems stiff or rigid, he may have what’s described as high muscle tone (hypertonia), which means that his muscles are chronically contracted.
Why does my baby stiffen up and grunt?
At first, a newborn’s stomach muscles are not strong enough to do this, so they use the diaphragm muscle to move their bowel. As they exercise the diaphragm, it can put pressure on the voice box, resulting in grunting.
Why does my baby stiffen up and cry?
Back arching is a common reflex that babies exhibit when they suffer from very acute or strong pain. So if a baby is flexing her back when she cries, it may be more than just the normal baby pains.
What are the signs to look for in neurological symptoms in infants?
Neonatal Neurological Disorder Symptoms
- Decreased level of consciousness.
- Abnormal movements.
- Feeding difficulty.
- Changes in body temperature.
- Rapid changes in head size and tense soft spot.
- Changes in muscle tone (either high or low)
How do I know if my baby has Hypertonia?
- Difficulty moving around.
- Awkward movements.
- Muscle resistance when your child tries to move.
- Muscle spasms.
- Uncontrolled crossing of the legs.
What are the signs of cerebral palsy in babies?
Possible signs in a child include:
- delays in reaching development milestones – for example, not sitting by 8 months or not walking by 18 months.
- seeming too stiff or too floppy (hypotonia)
- weak arms or legs.
- fidgety, jerky or clumsy movements.
- random, uncontrolled movements.
- muscle spasms.
- shaking hands (tremors)
What are the first signs of autism in a baby?
Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show developmental differences when they are babies—especially in their social and language skills. Because they usually sit, crawl, and walk on time, less obvious differences in the development of body gestures, pretend play, and social language often go unnoticed.
How do I know if baby is crying in pain?
- Changes in usual behaviour. …
- Crying that can’t be comforted.
- Crying, grunting, or breath-holding.
- Facial expressions, such as a furrowed brow, a wrinkled forehead, closed eyes, or an angry appearance.
- Sleep changes, such as waking often or sleeping more or less than usual.
What does seizure look like in baby?
More pronounced signs may include the baby’s arms coming up with a slight head nod and their eyes rolling up. While this type of movement may look like the baby is just startled, spasms may occur for five to ten seconds in a cluster for several minutes when the baby first wakes up or is going to sleep.
Do babies grow out of Hypertonia?
Outlook With Hypertonia and Hypertonia
The treatment and prognosis of the condition will be unique to each person depending on the underlying cause and how it impacts their life. Hypotonia may be able to improve with pharmacologics and therapy. But the underlying conditions are usually permanent.
What are the symptoms of Hypertonia?
The symptoms associated with hypertonia include;
- Loss of function.
- Decreased range of movement.
- Rigidity of muscles.
- Spasticity of muscles.
- Tenderness and pain in the affected muscles.
- Rapid muscle contractions.
- Involuntary crossing of legs.
Do babies with CP smile?
Emotional and social milestones are not always as easy to assess, but delays in these can also indicate a child has cerebral palsy or another developmental disorder. A 2-month old baby should be able to smile at people and use simple self-calming techniques.