Hypoglycemia is when the level of sugar (glucose) in the blood is too low. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the brain and the body. In a newborn baby, low blood sugar can happen for many reasons. It can cause problems such as shakiness, a blue color to the skin, and breathing and feeding problems.
Can low blood sugar hurt my baby?
Does low blood sugar affect the baby? Mild hypoglycemia is unlikely to harm the developing baby unless it could harm the mother. In most cases, simply eating more or adjusting medication will prevent the risk of any harm. Women who have severe hypoglycemia may need to be hospitalized or monitored.
How do you treat low blood sugar in newborns?
Sometimes a sugar gel may be given by mouth temporarily if there is not enough milk. The infant may need a sugar solution given through a vein (intravenously) if unable to eat by mouth, or if the blood sugar level is very low. Treatment will be continued until the baby can maintain blood sugar level.
How long does low blood sugar last in newborns?
Usually, low blood glucose levels will only last for a few hours, but can last up to 24-72 hours. Once your baby’s levels become normal, he shouldn’t have further problems with hypoglycemia (another name for low blood glucose). In very rare cases, low blood sugar can be severe or last a long time.
What should a newborn’s blood sugar level be?
Remember that the normal range of blood glucose in newborn infants is 2.5 mmol/l to 7.0 mmol/l. Between 1.4 mmol/l and 2.5 mmol/l. This is mild hypoglycaemia. These infants’ blood glucose concentration is abnormally low and they are at high risk of developing severe hypoglycaemia.
How do you prevent hypoglycemia in newborns?
There may not be any way to prevent hypoglycemia, only to watch carefully for the symptoms and treat as soon as possible. Mothers with diabetes whose blood glucose levels are in tight control will have lower amounts of glucose that go to the fetus.
What are the complications of neonatal hypoglycemia?
Long term complications of neonatal hypoglycemia may include:
- Neurologic damage that results in mental retardation.
- Developmental delay.
- Personality disorders.
- Recurrent seizure activity.
- Impaired cardiovascular function.
Can low blood sugar cause seizures in newborns?
Severe or prolonged hypoglycemia or low blood sugar in a newborn that is not treated can result in seizures, serious brain injury, irreversible brain damage, developmental delays, heart failure, seizures, epilepsy or cerebral palsy.
What is normal bilirubin in newborn?
In a newborn, higher bilirubin is normal due to the stress of birth. Normal indirect bilirubin would be under 5.2 mg/dL within the first 24 hours of birth. But many newborns have some kind of jaundice and bilirubin levels that rise above 5 mg/dL within the first few days after birth.
Is nasal flaring normal in newborns?
Nasal flaring is seen mostly in infants and younger children. Any condition that causes difficulty breathing can cause nasal flaring. Many causes of nasal flaring are not serious, but some can be life threatening. In young infants, nasal flaring can be a sign of respiratory distress.
Does breastfeeding help with hypoglycemia?
Summary: Researchers are proving that a dose of dextrose gel administered into a baby’s cheek along with regular feedings can raise hypoglycemic babies’ blood sugar, allowing them to stay with their mothers, which promotes breastfeeding.
When is newborn bilirubin checked?
When to see a doctor
Your baby should be examined for jaundice between the third and seventh day after birth, when bilirubin levels usually peak. If your baby is discharged earlier than 72 hours after birth, make a follow-up appointment to look for jaundice within two days of discharge.